Although the main focus of the project is urban adaptation to climate change, LIFE LUNGS (LIFE18 CCA/PT/001170) addresses intersectoral issues such as climate, water and biodiversity

The project's focus on innovative measures to deal with water scarcity, extreme rainfall events and rising temperatures, highlights the promotion of ecosystem services provided by green infrastructure and natural-based solutions.

This project is part of the Municipality's policies initiated in 2008, with the signing of the Covenant of Mayors (and approval of the Action Plan for Climate and Sustainable Energy - SECAP) and with the preparation of the Municipal Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (2017) , and contributes to meeting the following priorities:

  • Climate adaptation and land use planning in order to limit the impacts of climate change;
  • Development and implementation of adaptation initiatives following an approach that integrates mitigation, including establishing cooperation between local, regional and/or national authorities, where relevant;
  • Development and implementation of innovative adaptation solutions in urban areas, namely in the water, energy and construction sectors, to improve human well-being;
  • Green infrastructure resilience, including the application of blue infrastructure and ecosystem-based adaptation approaches.

In addition, the project offers solutions with measurable results that deal with several other European Union (EU) policies, such as those related to biodiversity conservation, assessment and mitigation of flood risks and water management. Despite focusing on climate change, the project is expected to contribute to other European targets and objectives, namely:

  • EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020, through the use of native flora (better adapted to local conditions and having a lower water consumption than plants from other regions), the promotion of urban biodiversity and the prevention of proliferation of invasive species;
  • EU Flood Risk Assessment and Management Directive (Directive 2007/60 / EC), by improving urban soil cover and rainwater retention and drainage conditions.

Another important feature of this project is to contribute to EU's policies and strategies to promote active citizenship, namely through the involvement of the population in planting activities. Although there is no concrete policy on this issue, several policies and other instruments highlight the importance of citizenship in the development of a more cohesive and democratic Europe. Citizen involvement in environmental issues, especially in urban areas, is extremely important to ensure a better understanding of the threats and impacts of climate change and demonstrate that cooperation and active participation lead to better results.